1787 Shays’ Rebellion

A Day That “Unexpectedly Changed America”Shays-rebellion-monument

Despite the corny animations, a video (44 mins) from History Channel’s ten-part miniseries “10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America” (aired 2006) provides a detailed overview of Shays’ Rebellion, complete with analysis and perspective from authors, historians and others. As with other links, I suggest you read or listen to the story about Shays’ Rebellion in Miracles and Massacres before watching this video.

Shays' RebellionA Loud and Solemn Lesson  

Shays’ Rebellion marked what was perhaps the first major populist uprising against the country’s "fat cat" elites. This is the story of a debtors’ revolt in rural Massachusetts that pitted the common farmer against the landed gentry, the outsiders against the establishment, and the tyranny of the mob against the rule of law. The rebellion, led by Daniel Shays, exposed the severe cracks that were forming in America as a result of the weak Articles of Confederation. This is the story of that uprising, how it was dealt with by the government, and how its consequences still resonate today.

 

ArticlesOfConfederationShays’ Rebellion and the Making of a Nation

For essential information on Shays’ Rebellion, including detailed biographies on its major players, historical artifacts and documents, maps, a comprehensive timeline and a treasure trove of other useful material, head on over to this great educational site run by Springfield Technical Community College.

Reagan Declares “Shays’ Day”

President Reagan recognized the significance of Shays’s Rebellion both from the perspective of the Federalist/Anti-Federalist debate and the broader liberty versus tyranny undertones of the historic event. Check out the text of Reagan’s 1987 proclamation of Shays’ Rebellion Week and Day.

Notes

  1. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 1–10
  2. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 10–15
  3. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 31
  4. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 25–31
  5. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 85
  6. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 29–34
  7. ^ Jump up to: a b Zinn, p. 91
  8. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Zinn, p. 93
  9. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 43
  10. Jump up ^ Bacon, p. 1:148
  11. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 38–42,45
  12. Jump up ^ G. North
  13. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 87–88
  14. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 88
  15. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 6–9
  16. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 38
  17. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Morse, p. 208
  18. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 56
  19. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 79–80
  20. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 80
  21. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 78–79
  22. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 84–87
  23. Jump up ^ Holland, pp. 245–247
  24. Jump up ^ Holland, p. 247
  25. Jump up ^ Manuel, p. 219
  26. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 84
  27. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 92
  28. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 92–93
  29. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 94
  30. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 97
  31. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 84–86
  32. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 86–89, 104
  33. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 98–99
  34. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 27–28
  35. Jump up ^ Holland, p. 261
  36. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 28
  37. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 101
  38. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 29
  39. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 102
  40. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 103
  41. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 103–104
  42. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 105
  43. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 31, 120
  44. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 108
  45. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 34
  46. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 32
  47. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 33
  48. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 35
  49. Jump up ^ Szatmary (p. 122) and Richards (p. 36) disagree on the casualty figures. Szatmary reports three government soldiers killed, Richards one.Richards does not report on the government wounded.
  50. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 36
  51. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 38–41
  52. ^ Jump up to: a b Zinn, p. 95
  53. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 117
  54. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 38–39
  55. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 119
  56. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 122
  57. Jump up ^ Foner, p. 219
  58. Jump up ^ Lodge, p. 2:26
  59. Jump up ^ Feer, p. 396
  60. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 120
  61. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 122
  62. Jump up ^ Feer, pp. 391–392
  63. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 123
  64. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 127
  65. Jump up ^ Feer, p. 393
  66. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 132
  67. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 134
  68. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 130
  69. Jump up ^ Milkis, S., Nelson, M., The American Presidency. Washington: CQPess, 2003. Fourth Edition. Print
  70. Jump up ^ Feer, p. 395
  71. Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 133
  72. Jump up ^ Feer, p. 404
  73. Jump up ^ Richards, p. 139
  74. Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 128–132
  75. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 141–143
  76. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 135–136
  77. Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 117–118

Bibliography[edit ]

Further reading[edit ]

Additional scholarly sources
  • Beard, Charles (1935). An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. New York: Macmillan.
  • Gross, Robert A. "A Yankee Rebellion? The Regulators, New England, and the New Nation," New England Quarterly (2009) 82#1 pp. 112–135 in JSTOR
  • Gross, Robert A., ed. (1993). In Debt to Shays: The Bicentennial of an Agrarian Rebellion. University Press of Virginia. ISBN 978-0-8139-1354-4 .
  • Hale, Edward Everett (1891). The Story of Massachusetts. Boston: D. Lothrop Company .
  • Kaufman, Martin, ed. (1987). Shays’s Rebellion: Selected Essays. Westfield, MA: Westfield State College. OCLC 15339286 .
  • McCarthy, Timothy Patrick; McMillan, John (eds) (2011). The Radical Reader: A Documentary History of the American Radical Tradition. New York: New Press. ISBN 978-1-59558-742-8 . OCLC 741491899 . (Reprints a petition to the state legislature.)
  • Middleton, Lamar (1968) [1938]. Revolt, USA. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press. OCLC 422400 .
  • Minot, George Richards (1788). History of the Insurrections in Massachusetts.Worcester, MA: Isaiah Thomas. OCLC 225355026 . (The earliest account of the rebellion. Although this account was deeply unsympathetic to the rural Regulators, it became the basis for most subsequent tellings, including the many mentions of the rebellion in Massachusetts town and state histories.)
  • Munroe, James Phinney (1915). New England Conscience: With Typical Examples. Boston: R. G. Badger. OCLC 1113783 .
  • Starkey, Marion Lena (1955). A Little Rebellion. New York: Knopf. OCLC 1513271 .
  • Wier, Robert (2007). "Shays’ Rebellion". In Wier, Robert. Class in America: Q-Z. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-34245-5 .OCLC 255745185 .
Fictional treatments
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