Despite the corny animations, a video (44 mins) from History Channel’s ten-part miniseries “10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America” (aired 2006) provides a detailed overview of Shays’ Rebellion, complete with analysis and perspective from authors, historians and others. As with other links, I suggest you read or listen to the story about Shays’ Rebellion in Miracles and Massacres before watching this video.
A Loud and Solemn Lesson
Shays’ Rebellion marked what was perhaps the first major populist uprising against the country’s "fat cat" elites. This is the story of a debtors’ revolt in rural Massachusetts that pitted the common farmer against the landed gentry, the outsiders against the establishment, and the tyranny of the mob against the rule of law. The rebellion, led by Daniel Shays, exposed the severe cracks that were forming in America as a result of the weak Articles of Confederation. This is the story of that uprising, how it was dealt with by the government, and how its consequences still resonate today.
For essential information on Shays’ Rebellion, including detailed biographies on its major players, historical artifacts and documents, maps, a comprehensive timeline and a treasure trove of other useful material, head on over to this great educational site run by Springfield Technical Community College.
Reagan Declares “Shays’ Day”
President Reagan recognized the significance of Shays’s Rebellion both from the perspective of the Federalist/Anti-Federalist debate and the broader liberty versus tyranny undertones of the historic event. Check out the text of Reagan’s 1987 proclamation of Shays’ Rebellion Week and Day.
Primary Source Book:
Source: GlennBeck.com Glenn Beck’s book, “Miracle and Massacres“, is about helping people connect with the true, untold history of America. In chapter two, Glenn tells the story of Shays’ Rebellion, a conflict that crystallized the flaws of America under the Articles of Confederation and led to the Constitutional Convention. ~ Ben Weingarten Editor of Blaze Books
"I have been greatly abused, have been obliged to do more than my part in the war, been loaded with class rates, town rates, province rates, Continental rates and all rates ... been pulled and hauled by sheriffs, constables and collectors, and had my cattle sold for less than they were worth ... The great men are going to get all we have and I think it is time for us to rise and put a stop to it, and have no more courts, nor sheriffs, nor collectors nor lawyers."
Shutdown of the courts
Impact on Constitution
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 1–10
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 10–15
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 31
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 25–31
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 85
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 29–34
- ^ Jump up to: a b Zinn, p. 91
- ^ Jump up to: a b c d Zinn, p. 93
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 43
- Jump up ^ Bacon, p. 1:148
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 38–42,45
- Jump up ^ G. North
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 87–88
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 88
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 6–9
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 38
- ^ Jump up to: a b c d Morse, p. 208
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 56
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 79–80
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 80
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 78–79
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 84–87
- Jump up ^ Holland, pp. 245–247
- Jump up ^ Holland, p. 247
- Jump up ^ Manuel, p. 219
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 84
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 92
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 92–93
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 94
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 97
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 84–86
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 86–89, 104
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 98–99
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 27–28
- Jump up ^ Holland, p. 261
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 28
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 101
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 29
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 102
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 103
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 103–104
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 105
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 31, 120
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 108
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 34
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 32
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 33
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 35
- Jump up ^ Szatmary (p. 122) and Richards (p. 36) disagree on the casualty figures. Szatmary reports three government soldiers killed, Richards one.Richards does not report on the government wounded.
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 36
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 38–41
- ^ Jump up to: a b Zinn, p. 95
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 117
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 38–39
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 119
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 122
- Jump up ^ Foner, p. 219
- Jump up ^ Lodge, p. 2:26
- Jump up ^ Feer, p. 396
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 120
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 122
- Jump up ^ Feer, pp. 391–392
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 123
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 127
- Jump up ^ Feer, p. 393
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 132
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 134
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 130
- Jump up ^ Milkis, S., Nelson, M., The American Presidency. Washington: CQPess, 2003. Fourth Edition. Print
- Jump up ^ Feer, p. 395
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, p. 133
- Jump up ^ Feer, p. 404
- Jump up ^ Richards, p. 139
- Jump up ^ Szatmary, pp. 128–132
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 141–143
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 135–136
- Jump up ^ Richards, pp. 117–118
- Bacon, Edwin M. (ed) (1896). Supplement to the Acts and Resolves of Massachusetts . Boston: Geo. Ellis. OCLC 14050329 . Retrieved 2009-08-26.
- Feer, Robert (September 1969). "Shays’s Rebellion and the Constitution: A Study in Causation". The New England Quarterly (Volume 42, No. 3). JSTOR 363616 .
- Foner, Eric (2006). Give Me Liberty! An American History. New York: W.W Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-92782-5 . OCLC 61479662 .
- Holland, Josiah Gilbert (1855). History of Western Massachusetts. Springfield, MA: S. Bowles. OCLC 505288328 .
- Lodge, Henry Cabot (1889). American Statesmen: George Washington.Houghton, Mifflin. OCLC 123204544 .
- Manuel, Frank Edward; Manuel, Fritzie Prigohzy (2004). James Bowdoin and the Patriot Philosophers. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. ISBN 978-0-87169-247-4 . OCLC 231993575 .
- Morse, Anson. The Federalist Party in Massachusetts to the Year 1800.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. OCLC 718724 .
- North, Gary (Feb. 9, 2004). "John Hancock’s Big Toe and the Constitution" .LewRockwell.com. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- Richards, Leonard L (2002). Shays’s Rebellion: The American Revolution’s Final Battle. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-1870-1 . OCLC 56029217 .
- Swift, Esther M. (1969). West Springfield Massachusetts: A Town History.Springfield, MA: F. A. Bassette Company. OCLC 69843 .
- Szatmary, David P. (1980). Shays’s Rebellion: The Making of an Agrarian Insurrection. University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 978-0-87023-419-4 .
- Zinn, Howard (2005). A People’s History of the United States. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-083865-2 . OCLC 61265580 .
Further reading[edit ]
- Additional scholarly sources
- Beard, Charles (1935). An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. New York: Macmillan.
- Gross, Robert A. "A Yankee Rebellion? The Regulators, New England, and the New Nation," New England Quarterly (2009) 82#1 pp. 112–135 in JSTOR
- Gross, Robert A., ed. (1993). In Debt to Shays: The Bicentennial of an Agrarian Rebellion. University Press of Virginia. ISBN 978-0-8139-1354-4 .
- Hale, Edward Everett (1891). The Story of Massachusetts. Boston: D. Lothrop Company .
- Kaufman, Martin, ed. (1987). Shays’s Rebellion: Selected Essays. Westfield, MA: Westfield State College. OCLC 15339286 .
- McCarthy, Timothy Patrick; McMillan, John (eds) (2011). The Radical Reader: A Documentary History of the American Radical Tradition. New York: New Press. ISBN 978-1-59558-742-8 . OCLC 741491899 . (Reprints a petition to the state legislature.)
- Middleton, Lamar (1968) . Revolt, USA. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press. OCLC 422400 .
- Minot, George Richards (1788). History of the Insurrections in Massachusetts.Worcester, MA: Isaiah Thomas. OCLC 225355026 . (The earliest account of the rebellion. Although this account was deeply unsympathetic to the rural Regulators, it became the basis for most subsequent tellings, including the many mentions of the rebellion in Massachusetts town and state histories.)
- Munroe, James Phinney (1915). New England Conscience: With Typical Examples. Boston: R. G. Badger. OCLC 1113783 .
- Starkey, Marion Lena (1955). A Little Rebellion. New York: Knopf. OCLC 1513271 .
- Wier, Robert (2007). "Shays’ Rebellion". In Wier, Robert. Class in America: Q-Z. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-34245-5 .OCLC 255745185 .
- Fictional treatments
- Bellamy, Edward (1900). The Duke of Stockbridge: A Romance of Shays’ Rebellion. New York, Boston, and Chicago: Silver, Burdett & Co. OCLC 656929797 . (Fictional depiction of the rebellion, as social commentary.)
- Collier, James Lincoln; Collier, Christopher (1978). The Winter Hero. Four Winds Press. (The rebellion is the central story of this children’s novel.)
- Degenhard, William (1943). The Regulators. New York: The Dial Press. OCLC 1663869 .
- Martin, William (2007). The Lost Constitution. (The rebellion plays a central role in this novel.)
- A Day That "Unexpectedly Changed America" (glennbeck.com)
- Shay’s Rebellion and the Modern Militia (daisy12andrews12.wordpress.com)
- History that is both true and thrilling: Glenn shares the significance of his new book Miracles and Massacres (glennbeck.com)
- Articles of confederation and the U.S. Constitution (slideshare.net)
- Review of Articles of Confederation (msrumpf.wordpress.com)
- Marbury (definitelyfriends.wordpress.com)
- John Adams: Jefferson and the French Revolution: Noted for October 12, 2013 (delong.typepad.com)